Most business owners know that California is an at-will state, meaning that except in cases of discrimination (e.g., race, gender, religion, etc.) or retaliation (e.g., whistleblower, etc.), an employer can fire an employee whenever it wants to for any reason (or no reason) at all. On the flip side, employees can quit at any time and without any prior notice.

That said, any experienced business attorney will still caution their clients regarding how risky it can be for an employer operating in California to fire employees—even when there’s good cause to do so—without first having a verifiably good reason for doing so. Sadly, because California’s labor and employment laws incentivizes disgruntled employees to file even frivolous lawsuits against employers, even if and employer has an excellent reason to fire an employee, there is still substantial risk associated with doing so. One way, however, to minimize the potential liability (and the enormous costs associated with litigation and bad publicity) associated with terminating an employee is to offer some sort of severance agreement.

Severance pay does NOT include wages, compensation, or accrued and unused vacation pay, all of which must be paid upon an employee’s termination, and none of which may be conditioned upon the employee agreeing to do anything. Rather, severance pay is money offered to an employee on top of what is “owed”—money offered specifically to induce a terminated employee to agree to waive all of his/her potential claims against the employer.

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